How to Trek Everest Base Camp

How To Trek Everest Base Camp

How to Trek Everest Base Camp

How to Trek Everest Base Camp

Mount Everest has captivated intrepid men and women since the 1920s. The exploits of legends such as George Mallory, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay put the mighty mountain on the map; thousands have followed, making huge sacrifices – many with their lives – in their own attempts to the summit. 

 

But today, the trek to Everest Base Camp has become an achievable goal for people from all walks of life who want a glimpse of the world’s highest peak. In 2017, between 50,000 and 60,000 people trekked in the Everest region. 

 

 

What's it like trekking to Everest Base Camp? 

Aside from breathtaking scenery, travellers to the region can experience unique Sherpa culture by visiting monasteries and museums along the way. Days are filled with walking for the sheer pleasure of it, past colorful prayer wheels and across swing bridges straight out of an Indiana Jones movie, while evenings are rewarded with hot food and conversation with like-minded people around the dining-room fire. 

The heady mix of natural beauty, fascinating culture and a personal sense of achievement, as well as warm Nepalese hospitality from the people of the Solukhumbu region, makes the Everest Base Camp trek one of the world’s most unforgettable. 

When should I make the trek? 

From March to May and from September to December. It gets hot in May, just before the monsoon season; be prepared for possible rain. December reaches below-zero temperatures but the days are still beautiful and there are fewer trekkers (but remember to wrap up warm in the evenings). 

Do I need a guide? 

Peregrine Treks offers the advantage of having everything arranged for you, including airport transfers, accommodation, necessary permits, and porters and/or guides and their insurance. You can book before you go with western tour companies, though you’ll pay significantly less by booking with Peregrine Treks and we are registered with the Government of Nepal, Department of Tourism, Nepal Rastra Bank and Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN).

How do I get in shape? 

Nothing can really prepare you for the trek’s extreme hills and altitude of up to 5545m.  But don’t be put off – people with average fitness can do this trek. ‘Slow and steady’ is the key to achieving, and enjoying your trek. 

Prepare for cardiovascular training several times a week: cycling, swimming, hill climbing and lots of walking. Aim for a five-hour walk once a week. Seek out hills or find a tall building and repeatedly walk up and down the stairs. 

 

What should I take? 

Pack lightly – aim for 10 to 15kg. Consider your porter’s load before you include that big bottle of shampoo or pair of jeans. 

A fleece jacket, down jacket and thermal underwear are a must, as the Himalaya gets cold above 3000m any time of the year. Also take two pairs of long pants, two or three T-shirts (synthetic fabrics – not cotton – that wick away sweat), and another warm jumper or light fleece. 

Footwear requires lightly broken-in boots, trekking socks, and sneakers or sandals for evenings. You will also need a raincoat, gloves, woollen hat, sunhat and polarized sunglasses. A good sleeping bag (rated to -20°C/0°F) is essential; if it’s winter, a thermal liner makes it extra toasty. 

Opt for travel-size toiletries, including a good sunscreen, lip balm, travel towel and tissues. Baby wipes are handy for days when you can’t shower. 

Your first aid kit should include medication for diarrhoea, antibiotics for a chest or sinus infection, and adhesive bandages for blisters. Visit your doctor for Nepal-specific immunizations. Using two 1L water bottles with water purification tablets is a reliable and safe way to drink water – and more environmentally friendly than buying bottled water from lodges. 

 

Staying healthy and safe on the trek 

Take your time. Altitude sickness can affect anybody – even the extremely fit. (The acclimatization days, usually at Namche and Dingboche, are set for a reason.) Watch for signs of altitude sickness: symptoms include headaches, dizziness, sleeplessness, loss of appetite and breathlessness. Bring a supply of the medication Diamox for treatment; if symptoms persist, descend.  

Be vegetarian: As tempting as it is to try a juicy yak steak or ‘buff burger’, be aware that all meat is carried up by porters from below Lukla due to the no-killing policy in Sagarmatha National Park, so by the time you have it, it’s getting old. The safest, healthiest option is to eat dal Bhat (lentil soup with rice) – it’s made fresh daily and is a great source of protein and energy. As the saying goes, ‘Dal Bhat power, 24 hour!’  

Cover up : The sun here is harsh, so use a good sunscreen and reapply regularly. Wear long-sleeved tops, long pants and a light scarf – or be prepared to blister. (But first, you might want to take some tips for trekking to the Everest Base Camp)

 

Suggested Itinerary for Everest Base Camp Trek:

Day 01: Arrival in Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu (1300 meters)

Day 02: Fly to Lukla from Kathmandu and trek to Phakding (2651 meters) 8 km distance, 3 hours trek

Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche (3440 meters) 11km distance, Approx. 7 hours

Day 04: Acclimatization day to avoid high altitude for coming days

Day 05: Trek from Namche to Tengboche (3870 meters) 10km distance, Approx. 6 hours

Day 06: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4360 meters) 9 km distance, Approx. 5 hours

Day 07: Dingboche 2nd acclimatization day

Day 08: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4940 meters) 7 km distance, Approx. 6 hours

Day 09: Trek from Lobuche to Gorakshep (5170 meters) and EBC (5364 meters) 13 km distance, Approx 8 hours

Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Kalapather (5545 meters) and back to Pheriche (4288 meters) 16 km distance, Approx 9 hrs

Day 11: Trek down to Namche (3440 meters) 20km, Approx 8 hours

Day 12: Trek down to Lukla (2800m/9186ft) 19 km, Approx 8 hours

Day 13: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu 32 minutes

Day 14: Full Day Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing

Day 15: Departure to your country

If you haven’t 15 days time, you have another option for Everest Base Camp Trek and fly back by helicopter:

Day 01: Kathmandu Arrival and transfer to hotel. Short briefing at Evening (1300 meters)

Day 02: Lukla flight and trek up to Phakding (2651 meters) 8 km distance, 3 hours trek

Day 03: Trek to Namche (3440 meters) 11km distance, Approx. 7 hours

Day 04: Acclimatization day to avoid high altitude for coming days

Day 05: Trek to Tengboche (3870 meters) 10km distance, Approx. 6 hours

Day 06: Trek to Dingboche (4360 meters) 9 km distance, Approx. 5 hours

Day 07: Dingboche 2nd acclimatization day

Day 08: Trek to Lobuche (4940 meters) 7 km distance, Approx. 6 hours

Day 09: Trek to Gorakshep (5170 meters) and EBC (5364 meters) 13 km distance, Approx 8 hours

Day 10: Trek to Kalapather (5545 meters) for sunrise view and fly back to Kathmandu by Helicopter

Day 11: Final Departure

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